Guitar tablature is a popular method for transcribing and communicating guitar music. Unlike traditional sheet music, which uses standard musical notation to indicate pitches and rhythm, guitar tabs use a set of symbols and numbers to represent the frets and strings of the guitar. This makes it easy for guitar players to quickly understand how to play a song without having to read sheet music.
Common Symbols in Guitar Tablature Guitar tabs use a variety of symbols to indicate different elements of a song, such as fretting hand techniques, rhythm, and more. Here are some of the most common symbols used in guitar tablature:
- Numbers: Numbers on the lines represent the frets to be played. The number on the top line represents the first string (thinnest string), and the number on the bottom line represents the sixth string (thickest string).
- X and O: An X represents a string that should be strummed without fretting, while an O represents a string that should not be played.
- H and P: H represents a hammer-on, where the fretting hand hammers onto a fret without picking the string. P represents a pull-off, where the fretting hand pulls off of a fret without picking the string.
- B and / or : B represents a bend, where the fretting hand bends the string to raise its pitch. The symbol / or \ represents a slide, where the fretting hand slides up or down the neck to a different fret.
Tablature Guitare Advanced Symbols in Guitar Tablature While the symbols listed above cover the basics of guitar tablature, there are many additional symbols that can be used to indicate more advanced techniques and effects. Here are a few examples:
- Vibrato ( ~ ): A wavy line above a number represents vibrato, where the fretting hand rapidly shakes the string back and forth to produce a warbling effect.
- Palm Mute ( PM ): A P.M. above the tablature indicates that the player should use their picking hand to mute the strings while playing.
- Harmonics ( xH ): An x above a number represents a natural harmonic, which is produced by lightly touching the string at a specific fret.
Guitar tablature is a versatile and effective way to transcribe and communicate guitar music. By using a set of symbols and numbers, guitar tabs make it easy for guitar players to understand how to play a song without having to read sheet music. Whether you’re a beginner or an advanced player, mastering the symbols in guitar tablature is an essential part of playing the guitar.
Table: Common Symbols in Guitar Tablature
|Frets to be played
|Strum without fretting
|Do not play
|/ or \